Are you self-employed but loathe looking at your tax bill every year? It’s safe to say you’re not alone.
But since you work for yourself, you can save money on taxes where others can’t. Comb through these 14 tax deductions you can claim to help make your tax bill a little lighter the next time you file.
1. The Home Office Reduction
If you permanently work from home or use part of your property in your business, you can get a deduction. For example, you could deduct a portion of your mortgage or rent, property taxes, or home repairs or maintenance to lessen your tax burden. All you must do is calculate the percentage of your home’s square footage you use “exclusively and regularly” for your business, and voila—that’s now a tax deduction. Is 20% of your home used for business? Then 20% of your housing expenses may be deductible.
2. Qualified Business Income
Out of the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act was born the qualified business income deduction or QBI. This tax break allows owners of select businesses, like S corps, partnerships, and sole proprietorships, to deduct up to 20% of their business’s yearly income on their personal tax return. In 2022, the limits rise to $170,050 for single filers and $340,100 for joint filers.1
3. Self-Employment Tax
Medicare and Social Security taxes that self-employed individuals make can be deducted as a self-employment tax. Different from income tax, self-employment tax rates are 15.3% of net earnings (which comes from 12.4% Social Security tax on the first $147,000 plus 2.9% for Medicare on the first $200,000 plus 3.8% on all self-employment income in excess of $200,000).2 You can deduct half of this on your income taxes on your Form 1040 when tax time rolls around.
4. Retirement Savings
If you’ve ever considered a “solo 401(k),” then you may have a retirement-related tax deduction option. Contributions to a solo 401(k) or one-participant 401(k) can be tax-deductible. In 2022, the deductible sum is $61,000 ($20,500 as an employee + $40,500 as an employer), along with a $6,500 catch-up contribution if you’re over age 50.3
5. Start-Up Costs
Has your business been operating for a year or less? The IRS allows you to deduct $5,000 in business startup costs and $5,000 in organizational costs, but only if your total startup costs are $50,000 or less. If your startup costs in either area exceed $50,000, the amount of your allowable deduction will be reduced by the overage. And if your startup costs are more than $55,000, the deduction is eliminated.4 The $5,000 max deduction can include but isn’t limited to attorney fees, accountant fees, market research costs, and business location search costs within your ﬁrst year of operation. Keep in mind payments to consultants, accountants, attorneys, and similar partners are deductible at any time during your business endeavors.
6. Continuing Education
You’ve got to be sharp to run a business, and luckily, you can catch a tax break for investing in yourself. Self-employed individuals can deduct “qualifying work-related education” from their tax bill. The main qualiﬁer here is the expenses must maintain or improve your skills needed for your present work. This can include classes, tuition, supplies, and more.
Just because you’re self-employed doesn’t mean you work from home. For those go-getters who lease an ofﬁce space, you can deduct the total amount you pay for rent. Not only that, but you can deduct the amount paid for any work-related equipment that you rent. Just be aware, you can’t deduct rent expenses on any property you own.
8. Subscriptions & Publications
Do you keep up with your industry’s news and insights via a magazine, trade publication, online subscription, or even books? All these subscriptions and publications are entirely tax-deductible. Just be sure these subscriptions are relevant to your specialization or industry—the IRS doesn’t take kindly to ﬁbbers.
9. Credit Card & Business Loan Interest
Look to your credit card or bank statements to see if tax deductions are waiting. Self-employed individuals can deduct interest accrued on any credit card business expense or business loan. Note: Expenses don’t have to be tied to a business credit card to qualify. Generally, you can still deduct interest charges on a personal credit card.
Get your business’s name out there and reap the tax beneﬁts while doing it. You can get a tax break for any costs associated with promoting your business or services. This includes, but isn’t limited to, social media advertising, online banner ads, billboards, print media, and business cards. Just look for the line on the Schedule C form to report your advertising expenses.
11. Business Travel & Meals
A flight across the country or a lunch across town, either way, both expenses can make for a tax deduction if they’re for legitimate business purposes. It’s not just flights and food; hotels, Airbnb, Uber rides, and taxis can all qualify for a tax break. The slight downside is that these purchases aren’t deductible for the spouse, children, or family of the self-employed taxpayer, so some simple math may be required to ensure the deduction is correct at year’s end.
12. Mileage or Vehicle Expenses
Using a vehicle in your business makes you eligible to deduct operating expenses from your tax bill. You can also claim a standard mileage deduction, which can vary from year to year. For 2021, the mileage rate for business is 56 cents per mile driven.5 Pro tip: make sure you keep receipts and records of mileage and related purchases, or services rendered to the vehicle for a quicker deduction process at tax time.
13. Office Supplies
Post-it notes, cleaning wipes, pens, printer ink—you name it. Everyday purchases that help your business run are tax-deductible. In most deduction situations, you deduct the cost of ofﬁce supplies you’ve used during the tax year. Again, having an inventory or record of your ofﬁce supply purchases will help alleviate potential future headaches once tax season rolls around.
14. Phone & Internet Costs
Self-employed taxpayers can deduct phone and internet expenses, but only those that are used for business. For example, if you work from home and pay $1,200 a year for internet, then only $600 is deductible since you presumably split your internet usage between business and personal. However, say you have a personal phone and a business phone with a separate $850 yearly bill. Then that $850 is fully deductible.
Dominion Wealth Management is Here to Help
These tax deductions can help you lighten your tax burden to help drive bigger business proﬁts and a happier relationship with Uncle Sam. Still, you should always consult a trusted ﬁnancial professional with any tax questions or concerns you may have. Please feel free to reach out to us to see how we can help you maximize your tax strategies.
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